The Scoop on Home Price Appreciation

John Smith
January 1, 2023
5 min read

The last economic reports of 2021 showed that home prices continue to rise, while jobless claims reflect healthy, pre-pandemic levels.

What’s Really Going on With Home Price Appreciation?

Case Shiller Home Price Index October 2021

The Case-Shiller Home Price Index, which is considered the “gold standard” for appreciation, showed home prices rose 0.8% in October and 19.1% year over year. This annual reading was slightly lower than the 19.7% rise reported for September.

So, why are the year over year appreciation figures declining? Does this mean home prices are moving lower?

The pace of appreciation month over month is decelerating, but we are still seeing home price gains. For example, in October 2020 home prices rose 1.51% while in October 2021 they rose 0.8%. Because the data for October 2021 shows a slower pace of appreciation then what was reported for October 2020, the year over year figure declined. But home prices are still rising.

The top three performing cities were Phoenix (+32%), Tampa (+28%) and Miami (+26%). Even the three worst-performing cities, including Chicago, Minneapolis, and Washington, saw 11.5% to 12% gains.

FHFA House Price Index October 2021

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) released their House Price Index, which measures home price appreciation on single-family homes with conforming loan amounts.

While you can have a million-dollar home with a conforming loan amount, the report most likely represents lower-priced homes, where supply has been tight and demand strong.

Home prices rose 1.1% in October and were up 17.4% year over year. This is down from the 17.7% year over year reading reported for September.




Pending Home Sales Decline in November

Pending Home Sales November 2021

Pending Home Sales, which measures signed contracts on existing homes, fell 2.2% in November, which was short of the 0.5% expected increase. Sales are now down 2.7% year over year but are still quite strong when considering the lack of inventory and tough comparisons to last year due to the pandemic.

Lawrence Yun, chief economist for the National Association of Realtors, said, “There was less pending home sales action this time around, which I would ascribe to low housing supply, but also to buyers being hesitant about home prices.” He added, “While I expect neither a price reduction, nor another year of record-pace price gains, the market will see more inventory in 2022 and that will help some consumers with affordability.”

Yun also noted that housing demand remains high, and that homes placed on the market for sale go from “listed status” to “under contract” in approximately 18 days.

Initial Jobless Claims Near 52-Year Low

Jobless Claims Week Ending 12/25/21

The number of people filing for unemployment benefits for the first time fell by 8,000 in the latest week, as Initial Jobless Claims were reported at 198,000.

Remember that since this reading reflects the pace of firings and people filing for benefits, the lower the number the better.

Continuing Claims, which measures individuals who continue to receive benefits, decreased 140,000 to 1.716 million, once again reaching a pandemic-era low.

There are now 2.177 million people in total receiving benefits, which is a healthy number and in stark contrast to the 20 million plus seen last year. It also reflects that employers are having a hard time finding new workers and are reducing their pace of firings.


And of Note

Investors were closely watching two auctions for the level of demand. Tuesday’s 5-Year Treasury Note auction was met with above average demand. The bid to cover of 2.41 was higher than the one-year average of 2.37. Direct and indirect bidders took 80% of the auction compared to 76% in the previous 12.

However, Wednesday’s 7-Year Note auction was met with below average demand. The bid to cover of 2.21 was lower than the 1-year average of 2.29. Direct and indirect bidders took 78.8% of the auction compared to 78.1% in the previous 12.

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